There are different types of axes, whose type is often determined by its use. Examples include hunting hatchet, hand hatchet, hunting axe, etc. They all share, however, same or similar parts. To help you get a better understanding of an axe, the following are the main parts of an axe and their functions.
Hunting Hatchet Head
The hunting hatchet head is the metal part of an axe. This is the section bounded by the blade at one end, and the butt/poll at the other end. This is one of the two components of an axe. Second being the handle.
Hand Hatchet Eye
The eye of a hand hatchet is the hole through which the axe handle is inserted. It is usually round and thick.
Bit, Blade or Cutting Edge
This is the cutting surface of the axe head. Every axe has it, and this camp hatchet is not an exception. Depending on its use, the bit can be straight or arc-shaped. The This is the part that is sharpened. It starts at the toe and ends at the heel. This part is primarily responsible for for cutting or splitting.
Upper Corner, Toe of a Bit
This is the starting point of the cutting blade arc. It is pointed and sharp. It is usually critical when splitting rather than when cutting.
Lower Corner, Heel of a Bit
This is the lower part where the cutting blade ends. It is sharp and pointed. The toe gives the axe a cutting precision.
Sharpening Bevel, Bevel Face
This is the part of the axe towards the cutting edge. It extends about one inch from the bit, extending from the toe to the toe. This is the part, which should be sharpened.
Axe Side, Cheek
This is the part on both sides of the eye, which surrounds the eye and extends towards the bit. It is the thickest part of the axe. This is the part which gives the axe most of the weight and contributes to the cutting force.
Axe Lip, Lug
This part gives more handle-to-head contact, which adds to the steadiness of the head and durability of the fit. It extends from the axe cheeks down onto the handle for about an inch.
This is the part of the axe head that is opposite of the bit. It may be shaped like an arc or can be completely flat. This part can be used to crush or shatter objects as opposed to cutting them with the bit of an axe.
The second part of the axe, traditionally made out of wood and more recently out of fiber plastic or glass. Handle "wears" axe head, allows for firm grip of this tool and adds to leverage for a more powerful hit.
Shoulder of the Axe Handle
This is the part where the handle touches head immediately before entering the eye. This part may "wear" metal or rubber protection skirt to protect the handle from meeting the cut or split firewood. The shoulder of the handle "wears" the axe head.
Belly of the Handle
The part of the handle that is right beneath the bit. It is where the handle bows on the lower end. It is the where the user places the left hand (right handed people) with the finger facing the upper side. It offers a firm grip to the user, avoiding cases of the hand sliding.
Back of the Handle
This is the opposite side of the handle from the belly.
Throat of the Axe Haft
This is the part of the handle just above the grip, where one most naturally holds the axe.
This is the part of the handle where one most naturally holds the axe. This part of the handle is thinner allowing the hand to completely close on the grip.
End Knob, Swell Knob
As the name implies, it is the part at the end of the handle, which is swelled to ensure the handle doesn't slip out of the hand. This part is carefully shaped to mitigate chances of the handle splitting especially for the wooden handles.